If you need a more accessible version of this website, click this button on the right. Switch to Accessible Site

Blog

Blog

Flat feet, a common condition characterized by a lack of arch in the foot, can potentially affect the physical performance of school-age children. While flat feet themselves may not directly hinder a child's ability to engage in physical activities, they can contribute to issues such as foot pain, fatigue, and decreased stability. Children with flat feet may experience discomfort or cramping during prolonged periods of standing or walking, impacting their participation in sports or physical education classes. Furthermore, flat feet may alter the biomechanics of the lower limbs, leading to poor posture, balance problems, and an increased risk of injury. Addressing flat feet early on through proper footwear, orthotic inserts, and targeted exercises can help alleviate symptoms and improve physical performance in children. By recognizing the potential impact of flat feet on physical activity, parents and educators can take proactive steps to support the overall well-being and participation of school-age children in various physical pursuits. If your child has flat feet, it is suggested that a podiatrist is contacted who can offer effective relief and treatment methods.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Dr. Richard DiMario from Maine. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in York, ME . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What is Flexible Flat Foot?
Tuesday, 09 April 2024 00:00

Common Causes of Swollen Feet

Swollen feet, an uncomfortable condition, can stem from various factors, necessitating attention and understanding to alleviate symptoms effectively. One common cause is prolonged standing or sitting, which can impair circulation and lead to fluid retention in the feet and ankles. Additionally, injuries such as sprains or fractures may result in localized swelling as the body responds to tissue damage. Certain medical conditions, including venous insufficiency and lymphedema, disrupt the normal flow of fluids in the body, contributing to swelling in the lower extremities. Lifestyle factors like excessive salt intake, obesity, and dehydration can exacerbate fluid retention and swelling in the feet. Pregnancy often leads to swollen feet due to hormonal changes and increased pressure on the blood vessels. If your feet have become swollen, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can determine what the cause is, and offer appropriate treatment solutions.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Richard DiMario of Maine. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in York, ME . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


 

Read more about Swelling of the Feet
Tuesday, 02 April 2024 00:00

A Surgical Solution for Ingrown Toenails

When faced with the discomfort and pain of ingrown toenails, seeking relief becomes a priority. For many individuals, surgical intervention offers a lasting solution. The procedure begins with a thorough examination by a trained podiatrist. After assessing the severity of the condition, the patient is prepared for surgery, typically under local anesthesia. With precision and care, the podiatrist removes the ingrown portion of the nail to prevent future regrowth. The process may involve removing the entire nail or just a portion, depending on the extent of the ingrowth. Once the part of the toenail is removed, the podiatrist may apply a chemical solution or perform a matrixectomy to prevent regrowth. Following the procedure, patients are advised on proper post-operative care, which may include keeping the area clean, applying antibiotic ointment, and wearing appropriate footwear. If you have an ingrown toenail, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can discuss whether surgery options are right for you.

Foot surgery is sometimes necessary to treat a foot ailment. To learn more, contact Dr. Richard DiMario of Maine. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to alleviate the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary include:

  • Removing foot deformities like bunions and bone spurs
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Cosmetic reconstruction

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.

Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in York, ME . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot and Ankle Surgery
Sunday, 31 March 2024 00:00

Plantar Warts Can Be Treated!

Plantar warts are small growths that develop on parts of the feet that bear weight. They're typically found on the bottom of the foot. Don't live with plantar warts, and call us today!

Tuesday, 26 March 2024 00:00

An Overview of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, a condition affecting the feet and ankles, arises from compression of the tibial nerve as it passes through the tarsal tunnel, which is a narrow space on the inside of the ankle. Similar to carpal tunnel syndrome in the wrist, this ailment can lead to pain, tingling, and numbness in the affected area. The tibial nerve, responsible for sensory and motor functions of the foot and ankle, becomes compressed due to various factors such as injury, inflammation, or underlying medical conditions like arthritis or diabetes. Individuals with flat feet or those engaging in repetitive activities that stress the foot may also be at higher risk. Symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome include burning sensations, electric shock-like pain, and weakness in the foot. Prompt diagnosis and treatment, which often involves rest, can help alleviate symptoms and prevent further complications. If you have pain on the inside of your ankle, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can accurately diagnose and treat tarsal tunnel syndrome.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Dr. Richard DiMario of Maine. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in York, ME . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Treating Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tuesday, 19 March 2024 00:00

Foot Stress Fracture Symptoms

Foot stress fractures, though difficult to recognize, can have a significant impact on daily life. Stress fractures, often caused by repetitive impact and overuse, cause localized pain in the affected foot. This pain typically worsens during weight-bearing activities but subsides with rest. Swelling and tenderness surrounding the injury site are common, sometimes accompanied by bruising. It is important to note that symptoms can be gradual, with pain developing over time as opposed to a sudden onset. As stress fractures can occur in various foot bones, the specific location of pain can offer insights into the affected area. Seeking professional medical evaluation from a podiatrist for persistent or worsening symptoms is important to prevent long-term complications. If feel you may have a foot stress fracture, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can conduct an exam and prescribe treatment methods that are correct for you.

Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact Dr. Richard DiMario from Maine. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.

What Are Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

  • Runners                                  
  • People affected with Osteoporosis
  • Tennis or basketball players
  • Gymnasts
  • High impact workouts

Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in York, ME . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
Tuesday, 12 March 2024 00:00

When to See a Doctor for Heel Pain

Experiencing heel pain can significantly impact your daily life, making even simple tasks like walking or standing uncomfortable. Podiatrists, medical professionals specializing in foot and ankle health, can diagnose and treat heel pain. These types of doctors understand the complex structure of the foot and can identify the underlying causes of heel pain. Included are overuse injuries like plantar fasciitis, bone spurs, or Achilles tendonitis. Targeting the underlying cause of heel pain is important for appropriate care. It is especially important to seek the advice of a podiatrist if you have persistent pain, and if the pain comes suddenly or after an injury. A podiatrist can offer a personalized treatment plan that may include specialized exercises, custom orthotics, medication, or advanced therapies designed to alleviate pain and promote healing. Podiatrists can also provide valuable guidance on footwear choices and lifestyle modifications to prevent future pain. If you are suffering from heel pain, it is suggested you seek the help of a podiatrist for diagnosis and care. 

Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact Dr. Richard DiMario of Maine. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
  • Wearing non-supportive shoes
  • Weight change           
  • Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.

If you have any questions please contact our office located in York, ME . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Heel Pain

The feet can be affected by falling. In older adults, this may lead to them having difficulty in completing daily activities. Ensuring a safe living space for aging loved ones is vital for their well-being and independence. Begin by decluttering walkways and removing tripping hazards such as loose rugs or electrical cords. Install handrails along stairways and in bathrooms to provide stability and support. Secure carpets and rugs with non-slip backing to prevent slips and falls. Improve lighting throughout the home, especially in hallways, staircases, and entrances. Consider installing grab bars and shower chairs in bathrooms, and keep commonly used items within easy reach to avoid the need for reaching or bending over. Additionally, consider investing in assistive devices, such as mobility aids or medical alert systems, for added safety and peace of mind. Regularly assess the home environment for potential hazards, and make necessary adjustments to promote a secure and comfortable living environment for aging loved ones. If you are seeking additional falls prevention methods that can protect the feet, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can offer you valuable information.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Dr. Richard DiMario from Maine. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in York, ME . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Falls Prevention

If you are suffering from tenderness, pain, or stiffness in the joints of your feet or ankles, call us to schedule an appointment.

Tuesday, 27 February 2024 00:00

Enhance Flexibility With Toe Stretches

Stretching is not just beneficial for major muscle groups, but also for the often neglected toes, which play a vital role in maintaining balance and stability. Simple yet effective toe stretches can help alleviate discomfort, improve flexibility, and prevent common foot issues. Begin with the toe extension stretch by sitting comfortably and gently pulling each toe back, holding for a few seconds to feel the stretch along the top of the foot. Another beneficial stretch is the toe flexion stretch, where you sit and interlace your fingers between your toes, gently pressing them together to stretch the toe joints. Additionally, the toe spread exercise involves using your fingers to separate and stretch each toe outward, promoting better circulation and flexibility. If you are looking to learn about additional toe and foot stretches, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can provide you with the knowledge you are seeking.

Stretching the feet is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns with your feet consult with Dr. Richard DiMario from Maine. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Stretching the Feet

Being the backbone of the body, the feet carry your entire weight and can easily become overexerted, causing cramps and pain. As with any body part, stretching your feet can serve many benefits. From increasing flexibility to even providing some pain relief, be sure to give your feet a stretch from time to time. This is especially important for athletes or anyone performing aerobic exercises, but anyone experiencing foot pain or is on their feet constantly should also engage in this practice.

Great ways to stretch your feet:

  • Crossing one leg over the others and carefully pull your toes back. Do 10-20 repetitions and repeat the process for each foot
  • Face a wall with your arms out and hands flat against the wall. Step back with one foot and keep it flat on the floor while moving the other leg forward. Lean towards the wall until you feel a stretch. Hold for 30 seconds and perform 10 repetitions for each foot
  • Be sure not to overextend or push your limbs too hard or you could risk pulling or straining your muscle

Individuals who tend to their feet by regular stretching every day should be able to minimize foot pain and prevent new problems from arising.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in York, ME . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Stretching Your Feet
Page 1 of 28
Connect with us